DNS, or the Domain Name System, is what translates human-readable domain names like ayushsharma.in to the IP address of the machine which hosts the files and services for that domain.

When you enter a domain name into your browser, it looks up the IP address of the machine where the files for the domain name reside, and serves those files back to you. Thatโ€™s a basic working of DNS, and itโ€™s in play every time you browse the web.

DNS has several record types that have different functions, and unless you have your own website and domain name, youโ€™ll rarely have to interact with them. In the event that you do, here are the basic record types.

A Record

It maps a human-readable domain to the IP address of the machine where your files reside.

AAAA Record

Same as the A record, except this is for IPv6 addresses.

CNAME Record

Canonical name refers to an alias. It is used to map an alias to a true or canonical domain name. For example, www.ayushsharma.in maps to notes.ayushsharma.in. You can use it to map one sub-domain to another.

NS Record

Name server records point to the servers that host DNS information. Youโ€™ll generally have primary and secondary name server records.

MX Record

Mail exchanger records determine where to send the email sent to your domain.

TXT Record

This is a generic record, and can contain human-readable or machine-readable data used for a number services. It is useful for proving ownership of the domain, or for implementing security protocols such as SPF and DKIM.


TTL, or time-to-live, determines how many seconds the name server caches your information for.